5th year – Dentistry – Final Exam Questions

General surgery

1.      Asepsis, anti-sepsis, disinfection, sterilisation

2.      Wounds – classification, healing, healing disorders, temporary and definite treatment

3.      Sepsis

4.      Anaerobic and mixed infections

5.      Purulent infections of skin, subcutaneous tissue and skin adnexa

6.      Panaritia and purulent infections in the hand

7.      Nosocomial infections

8.      Pathophysiological changes caused by surgery and trauma

9.      Metabolism disorders in surgical patients and their correction

10.  Nutritional issues in surgery

11.  Surgical procedure – general rules, terminology of basic surgeries, instrumentation

12.  Basic surgical procedures of a general nature

13.  Basics of plastic and reconstructive surgery

14.  Preparation of a patient for surgery, basic rules for post-operation care

15.  Post-operation gastrointestinal, respiratory and urinary complications

16.  Complications in the surgical wound, post-operation circulatory and thrombembolic complications

17.  Blood transfusion

18.  Shock

19.  Heat injury

20.  Crush syndrome, reperfusion syndrome, blast syndrome



Special surgery

  1. Surgery of the thyroid gland
  2. Surgery of parathyroid glands
  3. Pleural syndromes
  4. Primary and secondary lung tumours
  5. Injury to the chest
  6. Mediastinal inflammation and tumours
  7. Breast inflammation and tumours
  8. External and internal hernias
  9. Non-neoplastic oesophageal disorders
  10. Gastroduodenal ulcer
  11. Tumours of the oesophagus and stomach
  12. Crohn’s disease
  13. Inflammatory disorders of the large bowel
  14. Non-neoplastic disorders of the anorectum
  15. Colorectal carcinoma
  16. Benign and malignant disorders of the liver
  17. Injuries to the liver and spleen
  18. Cholecystolithiasis and its complications
  19. Differential diagnostic of obstructive icterus
  20. Pancreatic tumours
  21. Bleeding to the gastrointestinal tract
  22. Acute appendicitis
  23. Inflammatory acute abdomen
  24. Ileous acute abdomen
  25. Peripheral vascular disorder of the lower limbs
  26. Diabetic foot
  27. Aneurysm of aorta and peripheral arteries
  28. Acute limb ischemia
  29. Organ transplantation
  30. The most frequent surgical disorders in paediatrics



Neurosurgery, urology, heart surgery, orthopedics and traumatology

  1. Urinary tract infections, urolithiasis
  2. Lower urinary tract dysfunctions (BPH - benign prostatic hyperplasia, neuropathic urinary bladder, urinary incontinence)
  3. Urooncology – tumors of kidney, urinary bladder, prostate and testicle
  4. Benign diseases of male genitalia, the most important urogenital anomalies, andrology
  5. Operative approaches in urology, urological emergency
  6. Heart trauma
  7. Surgical treatment of ischemic heart disease
  8. Complications of ischemic heart disease and their surgical treatment
  9. Valvular heart diseases and their surgical treatment

10.  Diagnosis and treatment of aortic dissection

  1. Fractures – definition, classification, etiology and pathogenesis, treatment, healing, healing disturbances, first aid, treatment; intraarticular fractures, extraarticular fractures
  2.  Joint, tendon, ligament injuries and treatment
  3. Joint replacements-endoprothesis (indications, contraindications, durability, infection, including the importance for dental praxis)
  4. Tendinopathies and enthesopathies  (rotator cuff, golfer’s elbow, tenis elbow, tendovaginitis, plantar fasciitis, plantar spur), tendon injuries
  5. Spinal deformities – scoliosis, kyphosis, lordosis (m. Scheuerman, postural kyphosis, m. Bechtìrew; etiology, pathogenesis, differential diagnosis, treatment, prognosis)
  6. Arthrosis, rheumatoid arthritis – etiology, pathogenesis, differential diagnosis, treatment, prognosis)
  7. Infections of the bones and joints
  8. Developmental dysplasia of the hip, Perthes disease
  9. Tumours of bones and soft tissues (general rules for diagnosis and treatment)
  10. Foot deformities (flat foot, pes cavus, pes equinus etc.), static deformities of the forefoot
  11. Surgery of congenital and developmental disorders of nervous system
  12. Intracranial hypertension
  13. Head and brain trauma
  14. Tumorous and vascular lesions of the head and brain
  15. Functional neurosurgery (treatment of pain, epilepsy and movement disorders, lesional unctional neurosurgery)