Questions for State Rigorous Exam in Surgery – General Medicine

General surgery

1.      Asepsis, anti-sepsis, disinfection, sterilisation

2.      Wounds – classification, healing, healing disorders, temporary and definite treatment

3.      Strategy for diagnostics and therapy of injections in surgery

4.      Sepsis

5.      Anaerobic and mixed infections

6.      Purulent infections of skin, subcutaneous tissue and skin adnexa

7.      Panaritia and purulent infections in the hand

8.      Nosocomial infections

9.      Pathophysiological changes caused by surgery and trauma

10.  Metabolism disorders in surgical patients and their correction

11.  Nutritional issues in surgery

12.  Basic algorithm for diagnostics of surgical disorders

13.  General basis of surgical therapy

14.  Preparation of a patient for surgery

15.  Surgical procedure – general rules, terminology of basic surgeries, instrumentation

16.  Basic surgical procedures of a general nature

17.  Basics of plastic and reconstructive surgery

18.  Basic rules for post-operation care

19.  Complications in the surgical wound

20.  Post-operation gastrointestinal complications

21.  Post-operation respiratory complications

22.  Post-operation circulatory and thrombembolic complications

23.  Post-operation urinary, allergic and neurological complications

24.  Blood transfusion

25.  Shock

26.  Basic procedures in first aid and pre-hospital life support

27.  Heat injury

28.  Crush syndrome, reperfusion syndrome, blast syndrome

29.  Basic characteristics of war surgery

30.  General issues of oncological surgery

Special surgery

  1. Surgery of the thyroid gland
  2. Surgery of parathyroid glands
  3. Pleural syndromes
  4. Primary and secondary lung tumours
  5. Injury to the chest
  6. Mediastinal inflammation and tumours
  7. Breast inflammation and tumours
  8. External and internal hernias
  9. Non-neoplastic oesophageal disorders
  10. Gastroduodenal ulcer
  11. Tumours of the oesophagus and stomach
  12. Crohn’s disease
  13. Inflammatory disorders of the large bowel
  14. Non-neoplastic disorders of the anorectum
  15. Colorectal carcinoma
  16. Benign and malignant disorders of the liver
  17. Injuries to the liver and spleen
  18. Cholecystolithiasis and its complications
  19. Differential diagnostic of obstructive icterus
  20. Pancreatic tumours
  21. Bleeding to the gastrointestinal tract
  22. Acute appendicitis
  23. Inflammatory acute abdomen
  24. Ileous acute abdomen
  25. Peripheral vascular disorder of the lower limbs
  26. Diabetic foot
  27. Aneurysm of aorta and peripheral arteries
  28. Acute limb ischemia
  29. Organ transplantation
  30. The most frequent surgical disorders in paediatrics



Neurosurgery, cardiac surgery

  1. Diagnostic procedures, methods of treatment and perioperative care in neurosurgery
  2. Intracranial hypertension
  3. Surgery of congenital and developmental disorders of nervous system
  4. Head and brain trauma
  5. Spinal trauma with spinal cord and spinal roots trauma
  6. Intracranial expansive lesions (tumorous and nontumorous expansions, vascular lesions, inflammatory lesions)
  7. Expansions in spinal channel, spinal cord tumorous lesions, spinal cord compressive syndromes
  8. Surgery of peripheral nerves
  9. Functional neurosurgery (treatment of pain, epilepsy and movement disorders, lesional functional neurosurgery)
  10. Surgery of brain ischaemia (carotid endarterectomy, EC-IC bypass, decompressive craniectomy)
  11. Haemorrhagic vascular diseases (aneurysms, AVM, cavernomas, hypertonic haematomas)
  12. Benign intracranials tumours
  13. Malignant intracranials tumours
  14. Degenerative diseases of cervical and lumbar spine
  15. Hydrocephalus
  16. Basic principles of cardiopulmonary bypass systems
  17. Basic principles and examples of cardiac assist devices
  18. Surgical tretament of coronary artery disease
  19. Complications of coronary artery disease and their surgical treatment
  20. Acquired valve diseases and their surgical treatment
  21. Surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation
  22. Frequent congenital valve diseases and basics of their surgical treatment
  23. Diagnosis and treatment of ascending aorta and aortic arch diseases
  24. Acute aortic dissection (diagnosis and treatment)
  25. Heart transplant
  26. Postoperative care in cardiac surgery
  27. Nonpenetrating cardiac injuries
  28. Penentrating cardiac injuries
  29. Cardiac tamponade (diagnosis and treatment)
  30. Frequent cardiac tumors (diagnosis and treatment)